Diagnosing Sjögren's syndrome can difficult because the symptoms often mimic those caused by other diseases. Also, side effects from many medications can be similar to the signs and symptoms of the syndrome. Your doctor can rule out other conditions through various tests in hopes of making a Sjögren's syndrome diagnosis.
Early diagnosis and treatment are important for preventing complications.
Several tests may be performed, including blood tests for antibodies and inflammation, eye tests for tear production, and salivary gland tests to determine saliva flow and possible gland inflammation.
UCSF Health medical specialists have reviewed this information. It is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the advice of your doctor or other health care provider. We encourage you to discuss any questions or concerns you may have with your provider.