Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms of IPF often appear gradually and include:
- Shortness of breath, particularly during or after physical activity
- Chronic, dry hacking cough
- Crackle sound in the lungs heard through a stethoscope
- Rounding of the fingernails, a condition called clubbing
Symptoms of IPF may mimic those of other diseases that cause lung scarring, so diagnosing IPF often involves ruling out other conditions. Several visits with your doctor may be needed to finalize your diagnosis and treatment approach.
UCSF Health medical specialists have reviewed this information. It is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the advice of your doctor or other health care provider. We encourage you to discuss any questions or concerns you may have with your provider.