Cervical cancer is diagnosed by having a pelvic exam and a Pap test.
- Pelvic Exam A pelvic exam is done to check a woman's vagina, uterus, bladder and rectum. The doctor feels these organs for any lumps or changes in their shape or size. To see the upper part of the vagina and the cervix, the doctor inserts an instrument called a speculum into the vagina.
- Pap Test For a Pap test, the doctor collects cells from the cervix and upper vagina. A medical laboratory checks for abnormal cells.
UCSF Health medical specialists have reviewed this information. It is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the advice of your doctor or other health care provider. We encourage you to discuss any questions or concerns you may have with your provider.